As Claude Giroud puts it: “The subject of sociology cannot be defined once and for all. The irony of Raymond Aaron was that sociologists could agree on only one point, and that was the difficulty of defining the subject of society. It is cognitive, it must be taken seriously, so the nature of sociology depends on its relation to the subject of knowledge and the method of its cognition, which is why different paradigm foundations, multiple orderly and contradictory approaches, “subjective and objective” “Orientalism”, “rationalism and macro-orientation” and consequently new integrated approaches and at the same time different fields such as urban sociology, rural sociology, development sociology, etc. have been formed..
We are at the beginning and therefore do not claim to represent any of the above approaches. But because sociology critically examines people and society, it encourages the kind of thinking that is necessary for people who live in society and work for their community. We believe that sociology, as part of libertarian education, is an attempt to free individuals and groups from many dominions. This field of science has more capacity than any other point of view to inform us about the many issues that arise in the evolution and development of society.
Relying on the principle of reconstruction of concepts, we try to avoid wrong generalizations. Sociological theories are linked to the historical contexts and realities of different societies. Therefore, we try to clarify their ability to explain the problems of our society with the logic of “theorizing” and at the same time, in the path of increasing dynamism of this field, we do not neglect the need for “theorizing”.